CO2 Emissions and Climate Change

The Australian automotive industry is committed to making a strong contribution to national efforts to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.

To make a real and significant improvement in CO2 emissions from private transport a whole-of-government approach is needed to implement policies on:

  • vehicle technology
  • alternative fuels and energy platforms
  • driver behaviour
  • infrastructure improvements to reduce congestion
  • price signals
  • reducing the age of the in-service fleet

CO2 emissions standards or targets, vehicle pollutant emissions and fuel quality standards are inter-related and must all be considered together.

Key facts

  • CO2 emissions from new light vehicles have decreased by 22 per cent over the last 10 years.
  • Private road transport accounted for 7.8 per cent of Australia’s GHG emissions in 2013–14.
  • The impact of new light vehicles on annual GHG emissions equates to around 0.5 per cent.
  • The Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) has found that fuel efficiency of the in-service fleet has improved since 1980; however, GHG emissions from transport have grown and are projected to continue to grow.
  • The National Transport Commissions (NTC) has reported that over the past decade, overall light vehicle (cars, SUVs and LCVs) CO2 emissions have reduced by 22 per cent. This reduction is comparable to other countries, on a like-for-like comparison. Looking at results of laboratory certification tests of COemissions for cars and SUVs:
    • The EU has annual emissions reduction of 2.8 per cent.
    • The OECD average is 2.6 per cent.
    • The annual reduction in Australia for passenger cars and SUVs is 3.5 per cent.

Related media releases

FCAI welcomes consultation on reducing CO2 emissions in light vehicles (11 February 2016)

FCAI welcomes Ministerial Forum on vehicle emissions (31 October 2015)

FCAI welcomes Government consultation on 2030 emissions reductions targets (11 August 2015)

FCAI participates in post-2020 GHG emissions target consultations (7 May 2015)

Carbon emissions from new motor vehicles continue to fall (18 April 2015)


Related submissions

FCAI Response to the Australian Government's 'Setting Australia’s post-2020 target for greenhouse gas emissions' Issues Paper (April 2015)

FCAI Response to the Australian Government's Working towards a National Clean Air Agreement Discussion Paper (April 2015)

Submission to the Australian Government’s Energy Green Paper (November 2014)